Basic Notions of Methodology as Linguistic Study

Methodology is a framework of organization for teaching, which related linguistic theory to pedagogical principles and techniques (from Greek “methodos”).

Methodology is a branch of pedagogy, which deals with peculiarities of teaching as certain subject.

Image Credit -
Methodology of FLT (foreign language teaching) is a body of a scientifically tested theory, concerning the teaching of foreign languages in schools and other educational institutions.

Methodology is a system of principles and ways of organization and construction of theoretical and practical activities, as well as teaching about this system.

Methodology is a science which studies aims, means, principles, techniques, contents and methods of a system of instruction and education on the material of a foreign language.

In our view methodology is a branch of didactics, which related linguistic theory to pedagogical principles and techniques.

Basic categories of methodology:

1) a method is a specific set of teaching techniques and materials, generally backed by stated principles in Rogova’s views: “Method is a technological operation, structural and functional competent of the teacher’s and learner’s activity realized in techniques and principles of instruction”. A method is a model of instruction based on definite theoretical provisions, principles, techniques and aims of instruction .

A method determines what and how much is taught (selection), the order in which it is taught (gradation) and how the meaning and form are conveyed (presentation).

Aim is a direction of guidance to establish a course or procedure to be followed. Practical aims cover habits and skills which pupils acquire in using a foreign language.

A habit is an automatic response to specific situations, acquired normally as a result of repetition and learning.

Aims are planned results for pupils in learning a foreign language. A skill is a combination of useful habits serving a definite purpose and requiring application of certain knowledge.

Instructional aims develop the pupil’s mental capacities and intelligence in the process of FLL (foreign language learning).

Educational aims help the students extend their knowledge of the world they live in. Formative or developing aims help to develop in learner’s sensual perceptions motor, kinesthetic and motivating spheres.

Principles are basic underlying theoretical provisions, which determine the choice of methods, techniques and other means of instruction.

Technique in the methodology of TEFL is the manner presentation, demonstration, consolidation and repetition.

Means is something by the use or help of which a desired goal is attained.